Multiplication (often denoted by the cross symbol "×", by a point "·", by juxtaposition, or, on computers, by an asterisk "∗") is one of the four elementary, mathematical operations of arithmetic; with the others being addition, subtraction and division. The multiplication of whole numbers may be thought as a repeated addition; that is, the multiplication of two numbers is equivalent to adding as many copies of one of them, the multiplicand, as the value of the other one, the multiplier. Normally, the multiplier is written first and multiplicand second,[1] though this can vary, as the distinction is not very meaningful:

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